2.嗜酸乳桿菌 LA-5（A 菌 LA-5）
3.乳雙歧桿菌 BB-12（B 菌 BB-12）
而益生菌的「菌數」是以「菌落形成單位」（CFU, colony-forming unit）計算，這指的是能夠繁衍、形成菌落的活菌數量，通常一份益生菌補充品平均都含有 10 ～ 100 億的菌落形成單位，而活菌數量越多越好！
進而使中性菌往壞菌靠攏而使得壞菌成為腸道內的優勢菌，造成腸道菌群生態失衡 ( Dysbiosis )。
而這也就是益生質或稱益生元 ( prebiotics ) 的功能。
益生菌的好處：幫助更加順暢不卡卡、飯後不再「 滿肚子氣」 ，調節循環機能、增強體力。不同菌株有不同的效果，但不是吃越多越好。
Digestion and Your Gut: The Benefits of Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Digestive Enzymes
You’ve sat down with friends to celebrate a holiday, toast your partner’s birthday, or welcome the new year. There are so many plates of delicious food and you’re excited to try them all, so you do! It feels wonderful … until it doesn’t. You’re too full! Most people have experienced the discomfort of indigestion after a hearty meal. What can you do if this happens?
Fortunately, there are natural solutions that help your body digest food — especially if you’ve over-eaten — and also promote overall gut and brain health. In fact, these supplements can be taken daily and improve how you feel. At Standard Foods, we like to think of the combination of prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes as the perfect trifecta of nutrients. This can be found in our product TDHB EXX Probiotic with Digestive Enzymes.
What are Prebiotics?
Prebiotics are plant sugars that serve as food for healthy bacteria and probiotics. Two of the most well-known prebiotics with beneficial effects on human health is Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOsS). Prebiotics are very important for gut health because once they reach the colon, they become fuel for probiotics to do their job.
Prebiotics have also been found to have protective benefits on the immunological system, the cardiovascular system, the central nervous system, as well as the gastrointestinal system.
Where are Prebiotics Naturally Found?
A lot of different foods contain prebiotics: asparagus, sugar beet, garlic, chicory, onion, wheat, honey, banana, barley, tomato, rye, soybean, peas, and beans. Human and cow's milk contain it too!
More recently, scientists have realized that seaweeds and microalgae do as well. Since these foods only contain low quantities of prebiotics, scientists are pleased to have discovered that prebiotics are easy to replicate in a lab and they store well.
What are Probiotics?
Probiotics are live microorganisms, or bacteria, that naturally live in your gut and help your body process and maintain other bacteria. They play a crucial role in maintaining a balanced and harmonious digestive system and can stop the growth of harmful bacteria.
Probiotics have been extensively studied for their potential to enhance digestion, boost immune function, and promote overall well-being. Most probiotics on the market are composed of different types of bacteria, or offer a mix of three important strains: Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG:, Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5, and Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12.
When probiotics are administered, the quantity of active cells with the ability to develop and multiply is assessed in "colony-forming units" (CFUs). An average probiotic supplement dose contains one to ten billion active CFU cells but the TDHB EXX Probiotic with Digestive Enzymes has 20 billion CFU cells from 10 different probiotic strains and 19 beneficial digestive enzymes!
Where are Probiotics Naturally Found?
Probiotics can be naturally in various foods. Some examples of probiotic-rich foods include yogurt, sauerkraut, kimchi, kefir, tempeh, miso, pickles, and kombucha. If you prefer to incorporate probiotics into your diet without relying on supplements, you can include more of these foods into your diet.
What are Digestive Enzymes?
Digestive enzymes are substances produced by the body that aid in the breakdown of complex food molecules into smaller, more absorbable components. These enzymes are primarily secreted by the pancreas, salivary glands, and stomach. Their main purpose is to facilitate the digestion and absorption of nutrients.
Digestive enzymes work on different types of macronutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, breaking them down into smaller units that can be easily absorbed by the body. As mentioned before, our probiotoic powder contains 19 active digestive enzyme strains.
Where are Digestive Enzymes Naturally Found?
Salivary glands in the mouth initiate the digestion of carbohydrates by breaking them down into simpler sugars. The stomach does a lot of the heavy lifting with its production of gastric juice, which contains enzymes like pepsin that help the digestion of proteins and break down fats.
The pancreas secretes a variety of digestive enzymes into the small intestine to break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The small intestine and the small hair-like structures that line it, called microvilli, also produce various digestive enzymes.
Certain foods, like pineapple, also contain enzymes that aid in digestion.
Digestive Enzymes and Probiotics: Different but Complementary
While probiotics and digestive enzymes both contribute to digestive health, they have distinct roles. Probiotics primarily target the gut environment, helping to maintain a favorable balance of bacteria, support immune function, and enhance overall digestion. In contrast to this, digestive enzymes focus on breaking down nutrients at the molecular level, ensuring optimal absorption and utilization by the body.
Most probiotics are sold separately to prebiotics and digestive enzymes and can be taken independently, but when taken together these ingredients become extra powerful, and work to maximize benefits for your digestive system. Research shows that when taken together, these supplements can even assist with minimizing the impact of cancer treatment.
What are the Benefits of Taking Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Digestive Enzymes?
Studies show that taking prebiotics may have a myriad of benefits for humans, from improving calcium and magnesium absorption, which would ultimately increase bone regeneration and prevent osteoporosis, to relieving stress and improving memory.
Have you heard of the gut-brain axis (GBA)? Recent research shows that the brain’s emotional and cognitive regions are linked to the peripheral functions of the intestine, and they communicate in both directions. This communication is improved when the gut is healthy. Supplements like prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes have gained significant attention for their potential health benefits, particularly in improving communication between the gut and the brain. This means that taking these supplements will help your brain and body work at its optimum!
There are many different probiotic strains. Let’s look at some that are found in the TDHB EXX Probiotic with Digestive Enzymes. Lactobacillus paracasei F19 is known to assist people who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and is proven to reduce bloating, improve digestion and regulate bowel movements. Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 is a probiotic strain that naturally resides in the human gut and is also commonly found in fermented dairy products. The truly exciting news is that L. acidophilus LA-5 may help alleviate lactose intolerance symptoms. Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12 is a probiotic strain that is well-known for surviving the journey through the digestive system. It has been extensively studied and has shown promising results in promoting gut health, relieving constipation, and supporting a balanced immune response.
Digestive enzymes may also have an impact on diseases not directly related to the gut, according to researchers. One recent study found that using a digestive enzyme supplement for three months had noticeable benefits for kids with autism spectrum disorder.
=★ A Note from our Nutritionist ★=
The human intestine plays a vital role in immune function, housing over 70% of the body's immune cells, making it the largest immune organ. Within the intestines, a diverse community of bacteria coexists, including beneficial, harmful, and neutral types, with the latter being the most abundant. While neutral bacteria have neither positive nor negative effects on their own, they can shift towards beneficial or harmful roles depending on the prevailing bacterial composition in the intestines. Maintaining a healthy balance of these bacteria is crucial for overall gut health.
However, factors such as dietary changes and antibiotic use can disrupt this delicate balance, leading to an alteration in the gut microbiota. Modern diets, often characterized by high-fat and low-fiber intake, have been associated with a reduction in beneficial bacteria, thereby favoring the proliferation of harmful bacteria, resulting in a condition known as Dysbiosis. To improve intestinal health, dietary recommendations emphasize the consumption of moderate amounts of healthy fats, particularly unsaturated fatty acids. Additionally, it is advised for adults to include 25-35 grams of dietary fiber in their daily intake. Dietary fiber not only aids in intestinal peristalsis and increases satiety but also serves as a crucial food source for beneficial gut bacteria, providing nutrients for probiotics or prebiotics.
When selecting probiotic supplements, it is essential to consider the vast diversity of bacterial species residing in the intestines. Prioritizing probiotic products that contain multiple strains of beneficial bacteria can enhance their effectiveness. Moreover, combining probiotics with prebiotics, which serve as nourishment for the beneficial bacteria, further promotes a healthy gut environment.
Ultimately, cultivating a healthy gut involves adopting well-balanced dietary habits and a lifestyle that supports gut health. Opting for a diverse and nutrient-rich diet, managing stress, staying physically active, and avoiding unnecessary antibiotic use all contribute to maintaining a flourishing gut microbiome.
In conclusion, recognizing the critical role of the intestine in immune function and understanding the impact of dietary and lifestyle choices on gut health empowers individuals to make informed decisions for cultivating a healthy gut environment. By prioritizing nutrient-rich foods and considering probiotic supplements with multiple strains, combined with prebiotics, we can take positive steps towards promoting optimal gut health.
If My Body Naturally Produces These Nutrients, Why Supplement Them?
If you are thinking, “Why should I bother taking supplements if my body naturally produces them?” that's a great question. While it's true that the body naturally produces prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes to help facilitate digestion, supplementation may be useful if you experience occasional digestive discomfort or have difficulty digesting certain foods. With the wide range of delicious foods on offer, your body will be grateful for extra digestive assistance! There are several reasons why it is beneficial to take supplements, and we have outlined a few factors to consider when determining whether to add these nutrients to your diet.
Firstly, you may have deficiencies in certain digestive enzymes and probiotic strains. This can occur due to factors such as aging, certain health conditions, or genetics. Taking supplements like prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes will benefit you.
Secondly, as mentioned before, certain foods contain naturally occurring enzymes that can aid in digestion, and including these enzyme-rich foods in your diet can support digestion. However, it's important to note that the concentration of enzymes in these foods may vary, and cooking or processing these foods can degrade the nutrients. Therefore, relying solely on food may not always be sufficient.
Additionally, supplementation can be particularly beneficial if you have digestive disorders or conditions that affect enzyme production or function. Conditions such as pancreatic insufficiency or inflammatory bowel disease can lead to impaired enzyme activity and hinder proper digestion. In such cases, supplementation will certainly help compensate for these deficiencies and improve digestion.
When to Take Probiotics and Digestive Enzymes?
There is no reason why you can’t take probiotics and digestive enzymes every day. Some people believe taking them after every meal keeps them regular and feeling light.
It's important to note that different people may respond differently to probiotics, and the benefits can vary depending on your individual health condition, the chosen dosage, and the duration of use. It's always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable strains and dosages for your specific needs.
Are They Safe to Consume Every Day?
Taking prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes daily is generally considered safe for most individuals. Remember, these elements are natural microorganisms that are already present in the human gut and contribute to a healthy balance of beneficial bacteria.
The safety of probiotics largely depends on the strain and dosage. It is crucial to choose probiotic supplements from reputable brands that provide detailed information about the strains they contain. These supplements can come in powders, capsules, tablets, liquids, gummies, and other forms.
It’s incredible just how beneficial probiotics are for our digestion and for good gut health. No matter if you’re having hotpot with friends, celebrating Dragon Boat Festival, or feasting for days over your New Year holiday, it’s a good idea to help your body process all the delicious food you share with family and friends.
Not only are you eating delicious food, but you can feel satisfied knowing you are also feeding your gut and brain and actively improving your overall health by supplementing your diet with prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes. If you're interested in this, take a look at these 15 foods that are rich in prebiotics, probiotics, and digestive enzymes.
Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and does not substitute professional medical advice. If you have specific health concerns or conditions, consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new dietary regimen or supplement.